Review of economic growth and energy consumption: A panel cointegration analysis for EU countries

Dalia Streimikiene , Rafał Kasperowicz


This paper examines the long-run relationship between energy consumption and real GDP, including fixed capital and total employment, for 18 EU countries from 1995 to 2012. The analysis was based on the panel unit root tests, panel cointegration test and fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS) estimator and dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) estimator. Data were analyzed in three groups – all sample, Visegrad countries (V4) and old 14 EU countries. Indeed, the results demonstrate that economic growth and the variables – energy consumption, gross fixed capital – are cointegrated for the whole panel of countries as well as for the two selected groups of countries. Furthermore, the panel FMOLS and DOLS estimators reveal that the relationship between energy consumption, gross fixed capital and economic growth is positive.
Author Dalia Streimikiene
Dalia Streimikiene,,
, Rafał Kasperowicz (WZ / KM)
Rafał Kasperowicz,,
- Department of Microeconomics
Journal seriesRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, (A 45 pkt)
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishEnergy consumption, Economic growth, Panel data analysis, Cointegration, V4 countries, European Union
ASJC Classification2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)45
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 45.0, 12-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 45.0, 12-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 20; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 3.501; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 8.05 (2) - 2016=9.122 (5)
Citation count*77 (2021-05-11)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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