Food Insecurity among Small‐Scale Farmers in Poland

Agnieszka Poczta-Wajda , Agnieszka Sapa , Sebastian Stępień , Michał Borychowski

Abstract

The problem of food insecurity is generally associated with developing countries, but at the household level it also occurs in developed countries, especially in socially vulnerable groups, such as small-scale farms. However, the issue of food insecurity in developed countries, especially at the household level, is rather neglected in the scientific literature. This study was conducted to fill this gap and examine the level of food insecurity among small-scale farms in Poland. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from 710 small-scale farms in Poland. The incidence and degree of food insecurity was measured with the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). The study found that about 43% of the respondents were exposed to food insecurity, including almost 9% to severe food insecurity, which is well above the average for the entire Polish population. By applying cross-tabulation and the zero-inflated Poisson regression model, the study found that the higher age and secondary or higher education of the farm manager, having children in the household and higher land productivity have a statistically significant negative influence on households’ food insecurity (i.e., decreased HFIAS score). On the contrary, family size of five or more and production type “permanent crops” and “dairy cows” have a statistically significant positive influence on households’ food insecurity (i.e., increased HFIAS score).
Author Agnieszka Poczta-Wajda (WE / KMiGŻ)
Agnieszka Poczta-Wajda,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Agnieszka Sapa (WE / KMiGŻ)
Agnieszka Sapa,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Sebastian Stępień (WE / KMiGŻ)
Sebastian Stępień,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Michał Borychowski (WE / KMiGŻ)
Michał Borychowski,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
Journal seriesAgriculture (Switzerland), [Agriculture (Switzerland)], ISSN 2077-0472, e-ISSN 2077-0472, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No7
Pages1-18
Publication size in sheets1.15
Article number295
Keywords in Polishbezpieczeństwo żywnościowe, metoda HFIAS, gospodarstwa drobnotowarowe, regresja zero-inflated Poisson
Keywords in Englishfood insecurity; HFIAS; small‐scale farmers; zero‐inflated Poisson regression
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1106 Food Science; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agriculture10070295
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/10/7/295
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 16-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper) [Not active]: 2018 = 1.272
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