The quality of the environment in EU countries in relation to Gross Domestic Product - static and dynamic taxonomic analyses

Sebastian Stępień , Jan Polcyn


It is a commonly accepted thesis that the quality of the environment increases together with the level of society's prosperity expressed by gross domestic product (GDP). The relationship displayed by the environmental Kuznets curve partially confirms the above statement. In view of today’s strong interest in environmental protection problems, the relationship defined by the environmental Kuznets curve is worth verifying. The purpose of the research is to design a synthetic measure of the quality of the environment and specify the relation of this measure to gross domestic product, and furthermore to identify the impact of variables representing the quality of the environment on the value of the quality of the environment measure. The analysis covered data from 25 European Union countries in the years 2004-2016. The synthetic measure of the quality of the environment was designed using the TOPSIS-CRITIC method. The result of the analyses is ascertainment of modification of the Kuznets curve, understood as the relationship between GDP and the quality of the environment. It was found that the Kuznets curve assumed a U-like shape in both classes of the analysed countries (growth and decrease of the geometric mean of the synthetic measure of the quality of the environment).
Author Sebastian Stępień (WE / KMiGŻ)
Sebastian Stępień,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Jan Polcyn - Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa im. Stanisława Staszica w Pile
Jan Polcyn,,
Journal seriesEconomic Science for Rural Development : Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference , ISSN 2255-9930, (0 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Conference20th International Scientific Conference : Economic Science for Rural Development 2019, 09-05-2019 - 10-05-2019, Jelgava, Litwa
Keywords in Polishkrzywa Kuznetsa, Produkt Krajowy Brutto, analiza TOPSIS-CRITIC, Unia Europejska
Keywords in EnglishKuznets curve, Gross Domestic Product, TOPSIS-CRITIC analysis, European Union
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 06-04-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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Tytuł numeruRural Development and Entrepreneurship Production and Co-operation in Agriculture
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