The Inhibitory Potential of Selected Essential Oils on Fusarium spp. Growth and Mycotoxins Biosynthesis in Maize Seeds

Adam Perczak , Daniela Gwiazdowska , Romuald Gwiazdowski , Krzysztof Juś , Katarzyna Marchwińska , Agnieszka Waśkiewicz


Owing to their rich chemical composition, essential oils (EOs) have many interesting properties, including antimicrobial activities. The presence of Fusarium and their secondary metabolites, mycotoxins, in cereal crops is a serious problem in agriculture, which consequently affects food quality. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selected EOs on the growth of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum and the biosynthesis of mycotoxins in maize seeds. Chromatographic analysis of ergosterol as a fungal growth indicator showed a significant inhibition of Fusarium growth (83.24–99.99%) compared to the control samples, which as a consequence resulted in a reduction in mycotoxin concentrations. The addition of cinnamon, palmarosa, orange, and spearmint EOs was shown to be the most effective in reducing zearalenone concentration (99.10–99.92%). Deoxynivalenol analysis confirmed a very high reduction of this compound at the application all tested EOs (90.69–100%). The obtained results indicated that EOs have a great potential to inhibit growth of Fusarium fungi as well as reduce the concentration of mycotoxins in maize seed.
Author Adam Perczak - Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, MNiSW [80]
Adam Perczak,,
, Daniela Gwiazdowska (WT / KPPJ)
Daniela Gwiazdowska,,
- Department of Natural Science and Quality Assurance
, Romuald Gwiazdowski - Instytut Ochrony Roślin Państwowego Instytutu Badawczego w Poznaniu
Romuald Gwiazdowski,,
, Krzysztof Juś (WT / KPPJ)
Krzysztof Juś,,
- Department of Natural Science and Quality Assurance
, Katarzyna Marchwińska (WT / KPPJ)
Katarzyna Marchwińska,,
- Department of Natural Science and Quality Assurance
, Agnieszka Waśkiewicz - Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu, MNiSW [80]
Agnieszka Waśkiewicz,,
Journal seriesPathogens, ISSN 2076-0817, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.75
Article number23
Keywords in Polishessential oils, antifungal activity, Fusarium spp., ergosterol, zearalenone, deoxynivalenol, maize grain, germination
Keywords in Englisholejki eteryczne, aktywność fungistatyczna, Fusarium spp., ergosterol, zearalenon, deoksyniwalenol, ziarna kukurydzy, kiełkowanie
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 10-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.405 (2)
Citation count*1 (2020-09-17)
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