Modifications of the Hurwicz’s decision rule
AbstractThe Hurwicz’s criterion is one of the classical decision rules applied in decision making under uncertainty as a tool enabling to find an optimal pure strategy both for interval and scenarios uncertainty. The interval uncertainty occurs when the decision maker knows the range of payoffs for each alternative and all values belonging to this interval are theoretically probable (the distribution of payoffs is continuous). The scenarios uncertainty takes place when the result of a decision depends on the state of nature that will finally occur and the number of possible states of nature is known and limited (the distribution of payoffs is discrete). In some specific cases the use of the Hurwicz’s criterion in the scenarios uncertainty may lead to quite illogical and unexpected results. Therefore, the author presents two new procedures combining the Hurwicz’s pessimism-optimism index with the Laplace’s approach and using an additional parameter allowing to set an appropriate width for the ranges of relatively good and bad payoffs related to a given decision. The author demonstrates both methods on the basis of an example concerning the choice of an investment project. The methods described may be used in each decision making process within which each alternative (decision, strategy) is characterized by only one criterion (or one synthetic measure).
|Journal series||Central European Journal of Operations Research, ISSN 1435-246X, (A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.75|
|Keywords in English||decision making under uncertainty, states of nature, Hurwicz’s criterion, Laplace’s criterion, Optimal pure strategy|
|Score|| = 20.0, 17-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 20.0, 17-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 13; : 2014 = 1.217; : 2014 = 0.832 (2) - 2014=0.933 (5)|
|Citation count*||39 (2020-09-25)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.