Does NGOs’ Commercialization Affect Volunteer Work? The Crowding out or Crowding in Effect

Paweł Mikołajczak , Piotr Bajak


The aim of this article is to identify whether the commercialization of NGOs has an influence on the crowding out or crowding in effect of volunteer work, and to indicate the factors affecting volunteers’ regular involvement in NGO activity. The conducted research confirmed the hypothesis that the commercialization of Polish NGOs is associated with the crowding in effect of volunteer work. The authors prove that the direction of knowledge transfer can be important in engaging volunteers to work in NGOs. The model demonstrates that the likelihood of the NGO crowding in effect increases with frequent internal training, and decreases rapidly with participation in conferences, which work as external knowledge transfer.
Author Paweł Mikołajczak (WE / KB)
Paweł Mikołajczak,,
- Department of Banking
, Piotr Bajak
Piotr Bajak,,
Journal seriesPublic Organization Review, ISSN 1566-7170, e-ISSN 1573-7098, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in PolishOrganizacje pozarządowe; efekt wypierania/wpierania; komercjalizacja; transfer wiedzy
Keywords in EnglishNGOs, Crowding out/in effect, Volunteer, commercialization, knowledge transfer
ASJC Classification1401 Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous); 3308 Law
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 13-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.847
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UwagiFirst Online: 26 June 2020
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