Life cycle-based classification as a simplified approach for improving the environmental impact of products
Katarzyna Joachimiak-Lechman , Anna Lewandowska , Alina Matuszak-Flejszman
AbstractThe present article touches upon the topic of LCA simplifications within the scope 13of data inventory for the purposes of life cycleanalysis of selected products. The paper’s main 14objective was to define the features of products for which the calculation of the simplified 15environmental indicators may be recommended. The selected products differed in many 16aspects, and they could be generally classified into two separate groups: active products, which 17require energy to fulfiltheir function, and passive products, which do not need an energy 18supply. On the basis of the presented active products,it has been established that the key issue 19during their classification should be mass per unit and operational mode.The features of the 20analysed active use-intensive products include: low mass per unit, relatively short life cycle 21related to intensive use, possibility for fulfilment of functions without additional material flows 22and operation with constant AC power supply. Asimplified LCA should be recommended at 23the first stage of project planning, when there are many versions/conceptions of a given product 24and when afull LCA is virtually impossible. In light of the above-mentioned,simplified 25environmental indicators would be the first filter for the versions of a new product being 26considered. Thanks to the proposed approach, the designer is able to categorise the tested 27product and will be aware of any potential critical points of its life cycle (hot spots).
|Journal series||Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej. Organizacja i Zarządzanie, ISSN 1641-3466, (N/A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.8|
|Keywords in Polish||środowiskowa ocena cyklu życia, uproszczone modele inwentaryzacyjne, klasyfikacja produktów, błąd odcięcia|
|Keywords in English||Life Cycle Assessment, simplified inventory model, environmental classification of products, cut-off error|
|Score||= 20.0, 21-04-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
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