Financing Primary Education in Poland - Challenges and controversies
Małgorzata Hybka , Aneta Kaczyńska
AbstractSince the 1990s Polish education system has been decentralised. In consequence most of the educational tasks were transferred from the central government to the local governments (municipalities, counties and provinces). The aim of this article is to evaluate the current mechanism of financing education in primary schools, established and run by Polish municipalities. Along with conveying educational obligations on municipalities central government provides them with public resources to fulfil these obligations. According to C. Tiebout decentralised system of public goods provision has many advantages over the centralised one because it increases governors' responsibility for public funds management and therefore the efficiency of their allocation. Moreover, the delegation of powers in the management of educational institutions results in a greater involvement of parents and teachers in the learning process of children since local inhabitants know their needs better than governors of the central level. Properly designed educational offer increases the attractiveness of schools, as well as the quality of education. It must be noted, however, that transferring educational tasks and public resources from the central to municipal level has its risks, too. First of all, public grants are insufficient to incur all education expenditures and therefore municipalities must use their own resources to cover them. Moreover, there are some dilemmas concerning the design of fair and appropriate system of distribution of public funds between different kinds of municipalities. Therefore, taking into account all benefits and risks of educational system, central and local governors should always evaluate it and seek for its improvements to even out the disparities in the quality of education provided by different municipalities. It is especially true in the case of rural areas in Poland.
|Journal series||Business & Management Review, ISSN 2047-2854, e-ISSN 2047-2862, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Conference||2nd International Conference on Institutional Leadership and Learning & Teaching (ILLT 2016), 19-09-2016 - 20-09-2016, Cambridge, Wielka Brytania|
|Keywords in English||public expenditure, public goods, municipalities, primary education, fiscal decentralisation, Poland|
|Score|| = 0.0, 18-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 5.0, 18-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Citation count*||2 (2021-06-05)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.