Economic factors underpinning the structural genotypes of agriculture development in the European Union after 2004

Jakub Staniszewski , Andrzej Czyżewski

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the simi-larities and differences between EU-27 countries in produc-tion structures of the agricultural sector. The investigation focused on the concentration of productive inputs as well as on the specialization and orientation of production processes because of the relationship these characteristics have with production efficiency. The indices used in the Ward’s cluster-ing method were estimated based on data from the 2005–2013 Farm Structure Survey. The Mann–Whitney U test was used to determine the statistical significance of differences between the clusters. Four structural genotypes of agriculture were identified. While the EU-12 (genotype IV) and EU-15 (geno-types II and III) differ considerably in productive inputs and production concentration, the differences in prevailing pro-duction patterns are less pronounced. EU-15 countries differ mainly in the specialization level, and are similar in terms of production concentration. The genotypes identified do not co-incide strictly with the typical EU-12/EU-15 aggregates. This is because Southern European countries (Spain, Portugal, Greece and Italy), although members of the EU-15, are closer to the structures characteristic of EU-12. Conversely, although the Czech Republic and Slovakia joined the EU only in 2004, they have the highest concentration rates.
Author Jakub Staniszewski (WE / KMiGŻ)
Jakub Staniszewski,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Andrzej Czyżewski (WE / KMiGŻ) - [Uniwersytet Zielonogórski (UZ)]
Andrzej Czyżewski,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
- Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
Journal seriesJournal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, ISSN 1899-5241, e-ISSN 1899-5772, (B 13 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol50
No4
Pages445-454
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Polishstruktury wytwórcze rolnictwa, genotyp strukturalny, koncentracja zasobów, specjalizacja produkcji, analiza porównawcza
Keywords in Englishagricultural production structures, structural genotypes, resource concentration, production specialization, comparative analysis
DOIDOI:10.17306/J.JARD.2018.00436
URL https://www1.up.poznan.pl/jard/index.php/jard/article/view/1172
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)13
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 13.0, 23-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Citation count*3 (2020-09-08)
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