Inequality in the Distribution of Healthcare Human Resources in Poland

Justyna Rój

Abstract

Human resources are the major input in health systems. Therefore, their equitable distribution remains critical in making progress towards the goal of sustainable development. The purpose of this study is to evaluate equity in the distribution of healthcare human resources across regions of Poland from 2010 to 2017. This research by applying specifically to Polish conditions will allow the existing gap in the literature to be closed. Data were derived from the Database of Statistics Poland, and the Lorenz Curve/Gini coefficient was engaged as well as the Theil index to measure the extent and drivers of inequality in the distribution of healthcare human resources in macro-regions. Population size along with crude death rates are employed as proxies for healthcare need/demand. This research has several major findings. Mainly, it was found, that the geographical distribution of all types of human resources is less equitable than is the case with population distribution. Relatively lower equity in the access to oncologists, family doctors, and cardiologists was found. There are some noticeable differences between macro-regions in the equity level of healthcare human resources distribution. This research provides various implications for policy and practice and will allow for improved planning and more efficient use of these resources.
Author Justyna Rój (WIiGE / KBO)
Justyna Rój,,
- Department of Operations Research
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No5
Pages1-27
Publication size in sheets1.3
Keywords in Polishopieka zdrowotna, kapitał ludzki, nierówności, wskażnik Gini, wskażnik Theil
Keywords in Englishhealth care; human resources; inequality; Gini coefficient; Theil index
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su12052043
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/5/2043
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 03-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
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