The challenges of european GMO regulations
AbstractEuropean Union as an organization of states decided that promotion of innovativeness in Member States is indispensable to increase competitiveness of the region in dynamic reality of globalised World. Nevertheless, the desire for technology development and innovation in knowledge based economy may not be unlimited. Social, cultural, moral norms require conscious use of science for the purposes of human lives improvements. European Union claims to pursue a global objective of ensuring a high level of protection of human life and health and welfare, environment and consumer interests. For these reasons, a legal framework aimed at safe use of modern biotechnology, with special regard to genetically modified organisms has been adopted. These regulations cover a number of aspects considering biotechnology, such as contained use, deliberate release into the environment, food and feed, traceability and labeling, plants and seeds, intellectual property, and transboundary movements of genetically modified organisms. This paper is an attempt to assess the effectiveness of this legal system, with reference to international regulations, Member States interests and developing countries policies. The effectiveness of European biotechnology laws is hampered by the complex social norms, economic development interests and unpredictable long-term environmental effects. More predictable biotechnology laws and more reflective communication with public opinion remain the challenges for European lawmakers.
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|Book||Kandžija Vinko, Kumar Andrej, Tekavčič Metka (eds.): Economic integrations, competition and cooperation. Accession of the Western Balkan region to the European Union , 2016, CEMAFI International, ISBN 978-2-9544508-9-6, 1037 p.|
|Keywords in English||technology development, biotechnology, research and development, Sub-Saharan Africa, GMO, Cartagena Protocol, technology transfer|
|Score||= 5.0, 10-12-2019, MonographChapterAuthor|
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