CEE Cross-Country Comparison of National Innovation Systems Efficiency: DEA Approach
Marcin Bielicki , Michał Leśniak
AbstractInnovations improve the prosperity and living conditions of inhabitants of every economy. Therefore they is a priority of social and economic development policy of the European Union (EU). The biggest portion of the EU budget for 2007-2013, equal to 170 billion EUR, was given to the new EU members from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) for the increase of the competitiveness and innovation of their economies. Overall national contribution amounted nearly 40 billion EUR. As the EU beneficiaries those countries were able to significantly expand and stimulate national innovation systems. The purpose of this study is to check whether the innovation policy of the Central and Eastern Europe countries has been utilized efficiently, and if yes, which of the CEE coutries, including Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia, are the leaders. Analyzed data covered the 2007-2013 period. The results indicate that not every country covered by the research used enabling funds efficiently. On the other hand, we found out that the leaders of the effectiveness in the field of innovation policy were Latvia and Estonia. We use input-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) input-oriented. We conduct research in a comprehensive way, taking into account, key sources of the expenditure on pro-innovation activities, such as the EU funds and national contribution as input data. Subsequently all the inputs have been related to a wide range of key indicators to measure the effects of policy innovation in a field of science, technology and macroeconomic of each country, which has been used as output data. Additionally, the results were also collated with independent innovation rankings, drawn up by the governments as well as NGOs. We also indicate which Central Eastern Europe countries and their innovation systems can serve as a model for further development of innovation policy in the European Union budgetary perspective of 2014-2020.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Aaltio Iiris, Tunkkari Eskelinen Minna (eds.): Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Innovation and Enrepreneurship, Proceedings of the European Conference on Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 2016, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Ltd., ISBN 978-1-911218-07-4, [978-1-5108-3030-1], 1032 p.|
|Keywords in English||national innovation system, efficiency, DEA, CEE countries|
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