Simultaneous Determination of Caffeine and Water-Soluble Vitamins in Energy Drinks by HPLC with Photodiode Array and Fluorescence Detection

Anna Gliszczyńska-Świgło , Iga Rybicka


The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with photodiode array (PDA) and fluorescence (FL) detection for the simultaneous separation and determination of caffeine and water-soluble vitamins is described. The method is relatively rapid: 13 compounds can be analyzed within 30 min: caffeine; ascorbic acid (vitamin C); thiamine (vitamin B1); riboflavin 5-phosphate (FMN, flavin mononucleotide) and riboflavin (vitamin B2); nicotinic acid and nicotinamide (vitamin B3); pantothenic acid (vitamin B5); pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, and pyridoxine (vitamin B6); folic acid (vitamin B9); and cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12). This HPLC method is designated for quantification of caffeine and water-soluble vitamins in liquid and tablet energy drinks as well as for determination of vitamins in vitamin supplements. The method was validated in terms of linearity, limit of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), accuracy, and instrument precision. The LODs determined using HPLC-PDA ranged from 13 to 121 ng mL−1 and using HPLC-FL were between 8 and 61 ng mL−1. Intra- and interday instrument precisions for liquid energy drink, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD), were less than 1.87 and 1.73 %, respectively, and less than 1.44 and 1.83 %, respectively, for tablet energy drink. The method could be useful in the quantitative analysis of caffeine and of water-soluble vitamins in energy drinks and vitamin supplements.
Author Anna Gliszczyńska-Świgło (WT / KTiAI)
Anna Gliszczyńska-Świgło,,
- Department of Technology and Instrumental Analysis
, Iga Rybicka (WT / KTiAI)
Iga Rybicka,,
- Department of Technology and Instrumental Analysis
Journal seriesFood Analytical Methods, ISSN 1936-9751, [1936-976X], (A 30 pkt)
Issue year2015
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishWater-soluble vitamin, Vitamin B, Caffeine, HPLC, Energy drink, Vitamin supplement
ASJC Classification1106 Food Science; 2402 Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology; 3311 Safety Research; 1602 Analytical Chemistry; 2213 Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 30.0, 23-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 23-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 16; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2015 = 0.898; WoS Impact Factor: 2015 = 2.167 (2) - 2015=2.003 (5)
Citation count*35 (2020-10-20)
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