Simultaneous Determination of Caffeine and Water-Soluble Vitamins in Energy Drinks by HPLC with Photodiode Array and Fluorescence Detection
Anna Gliszczyńska-Świgło , Iga Rybicka
AbstractThe high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with photodiode array (PDA) and fluorescence (FL) detection for the simultaneous separation and determination of caffeine and water-soluble vitamins is described. The method is relatively rapid: 13 compounds can be analyzed within 30 min: caffeine; ascorbic acid (vitamin C); thiamine (vitamin B1); riboflavin 5-phosphate (FMN, flavin mononucleotide) and riboflavin (vitamin B2); nicotinic acid and nicotinamide (vitamin B3); pantothenic acid (vitamin B5); pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, and pyridoxine (vitamin B6); folic acid (vitamin B9); and cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12). This HPLC method is designated for quantification of caffeine and water-soluble vitamins in liquid and tablet energy drinks as well as for determination of vitamins in vitamin supplements. The method was validated in terms of linearity, limit of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ), accuracy, and instrument precision. The LODs determined using HPLC-PDA ranged from 13 to 121 ng mL−1 and using HPLC-FL were between 8 and 61 ng mL−1. Intra- and interday instrument precisions for liquid energy drink, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD), were less than 1.87 and 1.73 %, respectively, and less than 1.44 and 1.83 %, respectively, for tablet energy drink. The method could be useful in the quantitative analysis of caffeine and of water-soluble vitamins in energy drinks and vitamin supplements.
|Journal series||Food Analytical Methods, ISSN 1936-9751, [1936-976X], (A 30 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Water-soluble vitamin, Vitamin B, Caffeine, HPLC, Energy drink, Vitamin supplement|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ; ;|
|Score|| = 30.0, 23-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, 23-12-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 16; : 2015 = 0.898; : 2015 = 2.167 (2) - 2015=2.003 (5)|
|Citation count*||33 (2020-06-30)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.