Effective use of elderberry (Sambucus nigra) pomace in biosorption processes of Fe(III) ions

Tomasz Kalak , Joanna Dudczak-Hałabuda , Yu Tachibana , Ryszard Cierpiszewski

Abstract

Elderberry (Sambucus nigra) pomace obtained as a result of processing in the food industry was examined for the bioremoval of Fe(III) ions from aqueous solutions in batch experiments. Several physicochemical properties of the biomass were analyzed using a variety of analytical methods, such as particle size distribution, elemental composition (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), thermogravimetry (TGA, DTG), specific surface area and average pore diameter (BET adsorption isotherms), volume of pores and pore volume distribution (BJH), morphology (SEM), mid-infrared analysis FT-IR. The impact of adsorbent dosage, initial concentration, pH and contact time on the process efficiency was studied. The calculated maximum adsorption efficiency and capacity was estimated at 99.5% and 33.25 mg/g, respectively. The biosorption kinetic analysis indicated that the removal process fits better to the pseudo-second order equation and the Langmuir model. Summing up, the biosorbent is a promising low-cost material for the highly effective iron recovery from effluents and improvement of water quality.
Author Tomasz Kalak (WT / KTiEPP)
Tomasz Kalak,,
- Department of Industrial Products and Ecology
, Joanna Dudczak-Hałabuda (WT / KTiEPP)
Joanna Dudczak-Hałabuda,,
- Department of Industrial Products and Ecology
, Yu Tachibana
Yu Tachibana,,
-
, Ryszard Cierpiszewski (WT / KTiEPP)
Ryszard Cierpiszewski,,
- Department of Industrial Products and Ecology
Journal seriesChemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, e-ISSN 1879-1298, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol246
Article number125744
Keywords in EnglishWater qualityBiosorption capacityElderberry pomaceFe(III) ions
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine; 1600 General Chemistry; 2304 Environmental Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125744
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653519329856?via%3Dihub
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 10-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.54; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 5.108 (2) - 2018=5.089 (5)
Citation count*3 (2020-09-14)
Additional fields
UwagiFirst online 2 January 2020.
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