Effective use of elderberry (Sambucus nigra) pomace in biosorption processes of Fe(III) ions
Tomasz Kalak , Joanna Dudczak-Hałabuda , Yu Tachibana , Ryszard Cierpiszewski
AbstractElderberry (Sambucus nigra) pomace obtained as a result of processing in the food industry was examined for the bioremoval of Fe(III) ions from aqueous solutions in batch experiments. Several physicochemical properties of the biomass were analyzed using a variety of analytical methods, such as particle size distribution, elemental composition (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), thermogravimetry (TGA, DTG), specific surface area and average pore diameter (BET adsorption isotherms), volume of pores and pore volume distribution (BJH), morphology (SEM), mid-infrared analysis FT-IR. The impact of adsorbent dosage, initial concentration, pH and contact time on the process efficiency was studied. The calculated maximum adsorption efficiency and capacity was estimated at 99.5% and 33.25 mg/g, respectively. The biosorption kinetic analysis indicated that the removal process fits better to the pseudo-second order equation and the Langmuir model. Summing up, the biosorbent is a promising low-cost material for the highly effective iron recovery from effluents and improvement of water quality.
|Journal series||Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, e-ISSN 1879-1298, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Keywords in English||Water qualityBiosorption capacityElderberry pomaceFe(III) ions|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 100.0, 10-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.54; : 2018 = 5.108 (2) - 2018=5.089 (5)|
|Citation count*||3 (2020-09-14)|
|Uwagi||First online 2 January 2020.|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.