Effective adsorption of lead ions using fly ash obtained in the novel circulating fluidized bed combustion technology
Tomasz Kalak , Anna Kłopotek , Ryszard Cierpiszewski
AbstractFly ash was examined for the separation efficiency of Pb2+ ions from water in batch experiments. Fly ash is industrial waste produced from the incineration of sewage sludge by the novel circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) technology and was taken into the experiments. Physical and chemical properties of the material were characterized using several methods, such as fraction analysis, particle size distribution, bulk density, composition, morphology, surface and internal structure by elemental analysis, FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction analysis, comprehensive thermal analysis, fly ash texture by BET adsorption isotherms, specific surface area, volume of pores, average pore diameter and pore volume distribution by the BJH method. The influence of pH values on zeta potential of the fly ash surface before and after the adsorption process was conducted. The calculated maximum adsorption capacity of Pb2+ by fly ash reached 51.98 mg/g. The kinetic analysis revealed that the adsorption process is better described by the pseudo-second order equation and it is well fitted to the Freundlich model. In conclusion, fly ash obtained in the CFBC technology is a promising low cost adsorbent for the highly effective recovery of Pb2+ from wastewater.
|Journal series||Microchemical Journal, ISSN 0026-265X, e-ISSN 1095-9149, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in Polish||adsorpcja, usuwanie jonów ołowiu, separacja, popiół lotny, izotermy, kinetyka|
|Keywords in English||adsorption, recovery of lead ions, separation, fly ash, isotherms, kinetics|
|Score||= 70.0, 17-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 9; : 2016 = 1.305; : 2018 = 3.206 (2) - 2018=2.993 (5)|
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