New opportunities for future tourism after 25 years of political and socioeconomic transformation – foresight in Poland’s tourism planning
Matylda Awedyk , Agnieszka Niezgoda
AbstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to present the changes in political and socioeconomic conditions after 25 years of transformation and how it provided to adopt new methodology in tourism planning. It shows the possibilities offered by the use of the foresight process in planning the development of tourism in Poland. Since one of the main foresight goals is to identify trends, the paper takes attempt to verify trends that occurred in Poland after 1989 and if they have now and will have in the near future influence on Polish tourism. Detailed objective is to characterize the systemic transformation and its impact on the tourism economy. Design/methodology/approach – Paper is the review, which used literature, legislation and strategic documents query. It also includes comparative analysis. Findings – The analysis of the political and economic changes that have taken place in Poland over the last 25 years shows that they were positive for the development of tourism base. The impact of globalization and global trends is now clearly noticeable also in Poland. Political and economic changes allow the use of foresight methodology in studies on the future of tourism while maintaining its main attributes: anticipation, participation, action, networking, vision. Research limitations/implications – The analysis included the impact of political changes and social trends on the tourist economy. Proposals that show the positive aspects of these changes relate to tourism and present extensive opportunities to create scenarios, both at the national and regional levels. Practical implications – The analysis forms the basis for the activities of tourism entities in Poland. It shows the characteristics for the future of the tourism market particularly the demand side. Social implications – The analysis of changes in systemic and social trends enables anticipation of changes in tourism as a social phenomenon. Originality/value – The paper presents the historical basis for the development of tourism in Poland after political changes in relation to the planning of tourism by using the methodology of foresight. It also presents these phenomena and social trends that have an impact on the development of tourism.
|Journal series||Journal of Tourism Futures, ISSN 2055-5911, e-ISSN 2055-592X, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.85|
|Keywords in English||Foresight, Poland, Transformation, Future tourism, Political changes, Socioeconomic changes|
|Score|| = 0.0, 10-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 0.0, 10-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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