The Influence of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy on the Socio-Economic Sustainability of Farms (the Case of Poland)

Katarzyna Smędzik-Ambroży , Marta Guth , Sebastian Stępień , Agnieszka Brelik


Sustainable development plays an important role in shaping conditions for economic growth, social development and care for the natural environment. The issue was also noticed at the level of the European Union, which is expressed among others by creating sectoral policies, including the Common Agricultural Policy. The aim of the article is to determine the influence of the Common Agricultural Policy on the level of socio-economic sustainability of farms in Poland. The authors formulate a hypothesis that the existing solutions serve the achievement of economic sustainability, determined by the agricultural to non-agricultural income ratio, but they do not provide sustainability of farms in terms of the social element understood as taking income disparities into consideration. In the article, panel regression and the ratio of income from representative FADN farms to average annual gross salary per employee in Poland in the years 2004–2017 were used. It was found that thanks to the support from the Common Agricultural Policy, the average income of farms comes close to the average income of the non-agricultural sector. However, the influence of the subsidies on changes in economic sustainability was uneven in various economic size classes of farms—the strongest farms benefited the most, which means that social sustainability in terms of equal distribution of income was not achieved.
Author Katarzyna Smędzik-Ambroży (WE / KMiGŻ)
Katarzyna Smędzik-Ambroży,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Marta Guth (WE / KMiGŻ)
Marta Guth,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Sebastian Stępień (WE / KMiGŻ)
Sebastian Stępień,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Agnieszka Brelik - Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie (ZUT), MNiSW [80]
Agnieszka Brelik,,
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in Polishzrównoważenie społeczno-ekonomiczne; rolnictwo; wspólna polityka rolna, Polska
Keywords in Englishsocio-economic sustainability; agriculture; public policies; Common Agricultural Policy, Poland
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 16-04-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
Citation count*5 (2020-09-26)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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