Variability of Hordeum vulgare L. Cultivars in Yield, Antioxidant Potential, and Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activity
Joanna Kobus-Cisowska , Piotr Szulc , Oskar Szczepaniak , Marcin Dziedziński , Daria Szymanowska , Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka , Elżbieta Goryńska-Goldmann , Michał Gazdecki , Aleksandra Telichowska , Marta Ligaj
AbstractBarley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an annual plant cultivated in spring or autumn. Currently, over 70% of the cultivated barley grains are utilized for preparing fodder, while the rest is used for the production of malt and cereals in the food industry. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the content of bioactive compounds, antioxidant potential, and cholinesterase inhibitory effect of the aqueous extracts of juvenile barley leaves. It was found that the barley cultivars differed in their content of the determined phytochemicals as well as their antioxidant potential and cholinesterase‐inhibitory activity. The water extracts of young barley leaves contained phenolic acids as well as quercetin, rutin, and kaempferitrin. The extracts showed a higher inhibitory effect on 2,2′‐azino‐bis(3‐ethylbenzothiazoline‐6‐sulfonic acid) (ABTS) than on 2,2‐diphenyl‐1‐ picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. Based on the aqueous extracts analyzed, we found that winter cultivars were characterized by the highest iron‐chelating activity. Furthermore, barley extracts showed a stronger inhibitory effect against acetylcholinesterase compared to butyrylcholinesterase. The results of the present work indicated that barley cultivars differed in their germination process. Among the tested samples, the highest cholinesterase inhibitory activity was shown by the Basic variety.
|Journal series||Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.3|
|Keywords in Polish||Hordeum vulgare; żywność funkcjonalna, inhibitory cholinoesteraz|
|Keywords in English||Hordeum vulgare; functional food; cholinesterases inhibitors|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 70.0, 21-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 1; : 2016 = 0.911; : 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)|
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