Variability of Hordeum vulgare L. Cultivars in Yield, Antioxidant Potential, and Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activity

Joanna Kobus-Cisowska , Piotr Szulc , Oskar Szczepaniak , Marcin Dziedziński , Daria Szymanowska , Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka , Elżbieta Goryńska-Goldmann , Michał Gazdecki , Aleksandra Telichowska , Marta Ligaj

Abstract

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an annual plant cultivated in spring or autumn. Currently, over 70% of the cultivated barley grains are utilized for preparing fodder, while the rest is used for the production of malt and cereals in the food industry. The purpose of the present work was to evaluate the content of bioactive compounds, antioxidant potential, and cholinesterase inhibitory effect of the aqueous extracts of juvenile barley leaves. It was found that the barley cultivars differed in their content of the determined phytochemicals as well as their antioxidant potential and cholinesterase‐inhibitory activity. The water extracts of young barley leaves contained phenolic acids as well as quercetin, rutin, and kaempferitrin. The extracts showed a higher inhibitory effect on 2,2′‐azino‐bis(3‐ethylbenzothiazoline‐6‐sulfonic acid) (ABTS) than on 2,2‐diphenyl‐1‐ picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. Based on the aqueous extracts analyzed, we found that winter cultivars were characterized by the highest iron‐chelating activity. Furthermore, barley extracts showed a stronger inhibitory effect against acetylcholinesterase compared to butyrylcholinesterase. The results of the present work indicated that barley cultivars differed in their germination process. Among the tested samples, the highest cholinesterase inhibitory activity was shown by the Basic variety.
Author Joanna Kobus-Cisowska
Joanna Kobus-Cisowska,,
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, Piotr Szulc
Piotr Szulc,,
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, Oskar Szczepaniak
Oskar Szczepaniak,,
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, Marcin Dziedziński
Marcin Dziedziński,,
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, Daria Szymanowska
Daria Szymanowska,,
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, Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka
Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka,,
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, Elżbieta Goryńska-Goldmann
Elżbieta Goryńska-Goldmann,,
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, Michał Gazdecki
Michał Gazdecki,,
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, Aleksandra Telichowska
Aleksandra Telichowska,,
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, Marta Ligaj (WT / KTiEPP)
Marta Ligaj,,
- Department of Industrial Products and Ecology
Journal seriesSustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No5
Pages1-14
Publication size in sheets1.3
Article number1938
Keywords in PolishHordeum vulgare; żywność funkcjonalna, inhibitory cholinoesteraz
Keywords in EnglishHordeum vulgare; functional food; cholinesterases inhibitors
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
DOIDOI:10.3390/su12051938
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/5/1938/htm
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 21-05-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.911; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.592 (2) - 2018=2.801 (5)
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