Effectiveness of EMAS: A case study of Polish organisations registered under EMAS

Alina Matuszak-Flejszman , Beata Szyszka , Lára Jóhannsdóttir


Balanced economic growth in line with environmental care is one of the greatest challenges facing the world nowadays. Entrepreneurs' interest in sustainable production schemes, including Environmental Management Systems (EMS), becomes an important part of many strategies and a frequent requirement of environmentally aware societies. Despite this, the number of organisations registered under the Eco-management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) decreased, while the implementation of EMS based on ISO 14001 continues to be popular. Many organisations registered in the EMAS scheme do not renew their registration; therefore, it is important to analyse the effectiveness of this environmental management tool as it should support sustainable development. This paper includes the results of research on EMAS registered organisations in Poland. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the EMAS based on analysis of (1) the degree of environmental objectives implementation, (2) core environmental performance indicators, and (3) the correlation between establishing environmental objectives and results of environmental indicators in specific areas. The study involves an analysis of secondary data based on organisations' environmental statements published by the EMAS competent body. The findings suggest that there is no linear relationship between the time the EMAS is implemented and its effectiveness and that there is a weak correlation between establishing environmental objectives and changes in environmental performance indicators. These results are unexpected and may be linked to numerous mistakes made by organisations during establishing their environmental objectives. The study results have an impact to the EMAS regulation and shall be considered during review of EMAS scheme and future revisions of EMAS regulatory requirements.
Author Alina Matuszak-Flejszman (WT / KEJ)
Alina Matuszak-Flejszman,,
- Department of Standardized Management Systems
, Beata Szyszka (WT / KEJ)
Beata Szyszka,,
- Department of Standardized Management Systems
, Lára Jóhannsdóttir - Iceland University of Iceland
Lára Jóhannsdóttir,,
Journal seriesEnvironmental Impact Assessment Review, ISSN 0195-9255, e-ISSN 1873-6432, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Polishsystem ekozarządzania i audytu, EMAS, system zarządzania środowiskowego, SZŚ, ocena środowiskowych efektów, skuteczność, wskaźniki środowiskowe
Keywords in EnglishEco-management and audit scheme, EMAS Environmental management system, EMS Environmental performance evaluation, EPE Effectiveness Environmental indicators, EI
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2303 Ecology; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0195925518301380
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 12-10-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.766; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.054 (2) - 2017=3.768 (5)
Citation count*5 (2020-10-12)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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