Changes in the Demographic Structure of the Central City in the Light of the Suburbanization Process (The Study of Poznań)
Maria Trojanek , Justyna Tanaś , Radosław Trojanek
AbstractThe aim of the paper is to identify changes in the age structure of the inhabitants of the Downtown of Poznan and in the housing stock and number of residents in a single flat, taking into consideration the type of construction (in 2008 and 2013). In the first part of the paper, we presented processes occurring in contemporary Polish cities as well as their causes. We discussed the process of sub-urbunization - its aspects and implications. In the empirical part, on the basis of data from the resident register of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, we conducted the analysis of the demographic structure of the inhabitants of Poznan and of the structure of buildings located in the Downtown of Poznan. On the basis of the conducted analysis of changes occurring in the area of the Downtown of Poznan, we may observe that the number of residents in the area of Poznan Downtown decreased by about 20 % in the period under study. The age structure of the inhabitants of the center of the city also changed. The calculated indicators show that the population of the Downtown of Poznan began to be subject to gradual processes of ageing, which should be perceived as a negative phenomenon. In turn, the analysis of housing stock shows that housing conditions in Poznan Downtown improved. This is reflected in the drop in the number of people living in one apartment in this part of the city.
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