Exports and the economic performance of large state-owned enterprises in Poland: evidence from firm-level data

Katarzyna Szarzec , Wanda Nowara , Iwona Olejnik


The aim of this paper is to investigate the relation between exports and economic performance, and the extent of state ownership in the largest non-financial enterprises in Poland in 2011–2015. We address the following research questions: (i) What is the share of export companies in the group of the largest non-financial enterprises in Poland in terms of ownership structure (stateowned and privately-owned companies) and sectors? (ii) Are there differences in the economic performance of exporting companies compared to their non-exporting counterparts? Among the largest exporters, state-owned companies and companies from the manufacturing and mining sectors still dominate. Exporting state-owned enterprises have higher productivity than non-exporters, which could be caused by their dominant position on the domestic oligopolistic market. Exporting private-owned companies performed better in the case of ROA and ROE than exporting SOEs. This could be explained by the fact that private companies have a higher efficiency of property management and are expected to pay dividends by their shareholders.
Author Katarzyna Szarzec (WE / KMiBR)
Katarzyna Szarzec,,
, Wanda Nowara - Urząd Statystyczny w Poznaniu
Wanda Nowara,,
, Iwona Olejnik (WZ / KBRiU)
Iwona Olejnik,,
- Department of Research Markets and Services
Journal seriesRuch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, [Journal of law, Economics and Sociology], ISSN 0035-9629, e-ISSN 2543-9170, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.3
Keywords in Polishstate-owned enterprises, exports, economic performance
Keywords in Englishprzedsiębiorstwa państwowe, eksport, wyniki gospodarcze
URL https://pressto.amu.edu.pl/index.php/rpeis/article/view/22399
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 26-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
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