Degradation of Zearalenone by Essential Oils under In vitro Conditions
Adam Perczak , Krzysztof Juś , Katarzyna Marchwińska , Daniela Gwiazdowska , Agnieszka Waśkiewicz , Piotr Goliński
AbstractEssential oils are volatile compounds, extracted from plants, which have a strong odor. These compounds are known for their antibacterial and antifungal properties. However, data concerning degradation of mycotoxins by these metabolites are very limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of essential oils (cedarwood, cinnamon leaf, cinnamon bark, white grapefruit, pink grapefruit, lemon, eucalyptus, palmarosa, mint, thymic, and rosemary) on zearalenone (ZEA) reduction under various in vitro conditions, including the influence of temperature, pH, incubation time and mycotoxin and essential oil concentrations. The degree of ZEA reduction was determined by HPLC method. It was found that the kind of essential oil influences the effectiveness of toxin level reduction, the highest being observed for lemon, grapefruit, eucalyptus and palmarosa oils, while lavender, thymic and rosemary oils did not degrade the toxin. In addition, the decrease in ZEA content was temperature, pH as well as toxin and essential oil concentration dependent. Generally, higher reduction was observed at higher temperature in a wide range of pH, with clear evidence that the degradation rate increased gradually with time. In some combinations (e.g., palmarosa oil at pH 6 and 4 or 20◦C) a toxin degradation rate higher than 99% was observed. It was concluded that some of the tested essential oils may be effective in detoxification of ZEA. We suggested that essential oils should be recognized as an interesting and effective means of ZEA decontamination and/or detoxification.
|Journal series||Frontiers in Microbiology, ISSN 1664-302X, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||essential oils, zearalenone, degradation, mycotoxin, HPLC analysis|
|Score|| = 35.0, 28-06-2021, ArticleFromJournal|
= 35.0, 28-06-2021, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 15; : 2016 = 1.175; : 2016 = 4.076 (2) - 2016=4.526 (5)|
|Citation count*||19 (2021-07-28)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.