Ecological policy in the selected countries of the European Union

Michał Borychowski , Sebastian Stępień


The free market and increasing competition in the current economy are conducive to achieving economic goals, but they may hinder the implementation of environmental goals. Such thinking has led to the emergence of new paradigms in economics, including the so-called ecological economics, which assumes that environmental goals should prevail over economic goals, although achieving them is also important. The aim of the paper is to assess the implementation of ecological policy in selected European Union countries (4 highly developed countries and 4 countries from Central and Eastern Europe). Thus, it will be possible to diagnose the relationship between the development level of the economy and the size and structure of expenses for ecological purposes. Based on the research, it was found that the share of expenditures on environmental objectives measured in relation to GDP is not directly proportional to the wealth of a given country. The situation looks different, however, when environmental protection expenditure per capita is analyzed – then the rich economies have leading positions. This can suggest that environmental protection objectives gain importance when national income increases and economic goals can be reached at a satisfactory level.
Author Michał Borychowski (WE / KMiGŻ)
Michał Borychowski,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
, Sebastian Stępień (WE / KMiGŻ)
Sebastian Stępień,,
- Department of Macroeconomics and Agricultural Economics
Publication size in sheets0.55
Book Jedlička Pavel, Marešová Petra, Soukal Ivan (eds.): Hradec Economic Days : Double-blind Peer Reviewed Proceedings part I. of the International Scientific Conference Hradec Economic Days 2019, Hradec Economic Days, vol. 9, no. 1, 2019, University of Hradec Králové, ISBN 978-80-7435-735-0, 527 p.
Keywords in Polishekonomia ekologiczna, polityka ekologiczna, Unia Europejska, środowisko naturalne
Keywords in Englishecological economics, ecological policy, European Union, natural environment
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
Score sourcepublisherList
ScoreMinisterial score = 5.0, 24-04-2020, ChapterFromConference
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0
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