Internationalization intensity of clusters and their impact on firm internationalization: the case of Poland

Barbara Jankowska , Marta Goetz


Existing and dominant perspectives on determinants of firm internationalization have focused on the firm-specific and country- specific factors, paying less attention to the question‘ if and how can clusters fosterternationalization of cluster firms’.To investigate this issue, we conducted the study focused on the Polish clusters. First, we conceptualize the impact of clusters on the internationalization of cluster firms by introducing the concepts of the propensity of internationalization and intensity of internationalization. Second, we assess the internationalization intensity of clusters in Poland and check how cluster managers facilitated the internationalization of cluster firms. The results obtained show that clusters play an important role in neutralizing the liability of foreignness suffered by cluster entities. The findings confirm that the need of internationalization which is related to the internationalization propensity emerges over the time as a cluster matures and internationalization intensity is higher in case of more dense clusters. By combining meso- and microeconomic perspectives, this study offers a more holistic approach for studying internationalization processes
Author Barbara Jankowska (WGM / KKM)
Barbara Jankowska,,
- Department of International Competitiveness
, Marta Goetz - Akademia Finansów i Biznesu Vistula, MNiSW [80]
Marta Goetz,,
Journal seriesEuropean Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2017
Publication size in sheets0.95
Keywords in Englishcluster; cluster organization; internationalization; network; Poland
ASJC Classification3305 Geography, Planning and Development
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 26-03-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.241; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.863 (2) - 2017=2.157 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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