Non-technical Challenges of Industry 4.0
AbstractIndustry 4.0 is a concept that originates from the industrial community and is currently broadly discussed by both industrial and the scientific community. Industry 4.0 emerged in the aftermath of the rapid development of information technology and robotics that together has given birth to new kinds of integrated systems . There are plenty of technical issues that must be solved to make such systems run efficiently, reliably and safely . There are also some non-technical issues that must be solved to prepare societies to use such systems. In this paper, in Sects. 2, 3 and 4 we first define Cyber-physical systems, Industry 4.0, and Economy 4.0. Then, we describe three selected challenges that have roots in technology, but that have far social consequences. In Sect. 5, we describe a challenge to future employees who will need to cooperate with robots controlled by artificial intelligence. In Sect. 6, we deal with a challenge of fixing errors in complex software used in cyber-physical systems, especially ones that are driven by big data. In Sect. 7, we present a challenge to determination of responsibility for errors and their consequences that without a doubt will arise when cyber-physical systems will be massively deployed. Section 8 concludes this position paper stating that each of the above challenges requires new methods and approaches that are unknown as of now. Therefore, they may be considered as directions for future research.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Camarinha-Matos Luis M., Afsarmanesh Hamideh, Antonelli Dario (eds.): Collaborative Networks and Digital Transformation : 20th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2019, Turin, Italy, September 23-25, 2019, Proceedings, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, vol. 568, 2019, Springer, ISBN 978-3-030-28463-3, [978-3-030-28464-0], 645 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-28464-0|
|Keywords in Polish||sztuczna inteligencja, systemy cyber-fizyczne, Gospodarka 4.0, Przemysł 4.0|
|Keywords in English||Artifficial Intelligence, Cyber-physical systems, Economy 4.0, Fixing Errors, Human's Role, Industry 4.0, Responsibility|
|Not used for evaluation||yes|
|Publication indicators||= 1; : 2018 = 0.393|
|Citation count*||5 (2021-06-15)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.